A colposcopy in Arizona is a special way of examining the cervix, using a light and a low-powered microscope to make the cervix appear much larger than it is. This helps your Scottsdale gynecologist find and then biopsy abnormal areas in your cervix.
How a Colposcopy in Arizona Is Performed
You will lie on a table and place your feet in stirrups, just like you would do for a pelvic exam. Your gynecologist will place an instrument called a speculum into your vagina, which gives them a better view of your cervix.
The cervix and vagina are gently swabbed with a vinegar or iodine solution to remove the mucus that covers the surface and highlights abnormal areas. Your gynecologist will place the colposcope at the opening of the vagina to examine the area and photographs may be taken. The colposcope does not touch you.
If any areas look abnormal, a small sample of the tissue will be removed using biopsy tools. Many samples may be taken and sometimes a tissue sample from inside the cervix is removed.
Why Gynecologists Perform a Colposcopy in Arizona
Colposcopy is done to detect cervical cancer and changes that may lead to cervical cancer. It is most often done when you have had an abnormal Pap smear. It may also be recommended if you experience bleeding after sexual intercourse.
Colposcopy may also be done when your health care provider sees abnormal areas on your cervix during a pelvic exam, which may include:
1. Any abnormal growth on the cervix, or elsewhere in the vagina;
2. Genital warts or HPV;
3. Irritation or inflammation of the cervix;
4. The colposcopy may be used to keep track of HPV, and to look for abnormal changes that can come back after treatment.
Normal Results: Your doctor should be able to tell you if anything abnormal was seen during this test. A smooth, pink surface of the cervix is normal. A specialist will examine the tissue sample from the cervical biopsy and send a report to your Scottsdale gynecologist. Biopsy results most often take 1 – 2 weeks. A normal result means there is no cancer and no abnormal changes were seen.
What Abnormal Results Mean: Your doctor should be able to tell you if anything abnormal was seen during the test, including:
1. Abnormal patterns in the blood vessels;
2. Areas that are swollen, worn away, or wasted away;
3. Cervical polyps;
4. Genital warts;
5. Whitish patches on the cervix;
6. Abnormal biopsy results may be due to changes that can lead to cervical cancer.
Abnormal biopsy results may be due to:
1. Cervical cancer
2. Precancerous tissue changes;
3. Cervical warts;
If the biopsy does not determine the cause of abnormal results, you may need a procedure called a cold knife cone biopsy.
Considerations Regarding Your Colposcopy in Arizona
You may have some bleeding after the biopsy for up to 1 week. You should not douche, place tampons or creams into the vagina, or have sex for up to a week afterward. Ask your gynecologist how long you should wait. You can use sanitary pads. If the colposcopy or biopsy does not show why the Pap smear was abnormal, your Scottsdale gynecologist may suggest that you have a more extensive biopsy.
If you would like more information regarding a colposcopy in Arizona and how it can help you, call our office today to schedule a consultation so we can address all of your questions and concerns!